Retroactive control teaching and learning module from a didactic dc motor
The objective of this work is to develop a teaching and learning module of digital control of a low-cost didactic DC motor and to perform the closed loop speed control of the DC motor connected in series mode. For this, a bibliographical review was first carried out, followed by a software simulation, as well as the design and construction of the module. As result, the correct adjustment of the project requirements, such as the reduction in response time and the adjustment of the surplus percentage, to acceptable levels were obtained. Some controllers of type PI (Proportional-integral) were designed, obtaining their respective equations to differences, that were shipped in the microcontroller. The development of the motor, speed sensor, a control circuit, a signal conditioner, HMI (man-machine interface) and obtaining all the signals needed to carry out closed-loop control was achieved.